- 10th Scattered Site Single Family Home
- Accessibility and move-in support to Multiple Dave’s Housing First Apartment Homes
- Impact Families: housing stability and self-sustainability
- Barrier Busting Program: collective resources to sustain housing
- Central Florida Continuum of Care
- Emerging Minds: system-level change
- The Welcome Home Project: community initiative to house 129 chronically homeless individuals
Permanent supportive housing breaks the cycle of chronic crisis care, reducing the financial and social costs of homelessness and building healthier communities.
Key to the success of PSH is ongoing mental health support services. Through our behavioral health services partners, case managers work with residents on life skills training; medication management; mental health/substance abuse treatment; 24-hour/365-days-a-year crisis intervention and stabilization services; daily support programming and vocational services; and coordination with primary health care and dental services.
PSH lowers the community costs by 68% per individual housed. The yearly cost of Dave’s House residency is $10,051. The annual cost of a homeless person living with SMI – including prison, ER visits and hospital stays – is $31,065. (Central Florida Commission on Homelessness, The Cost of Long-term Homelessness in Central Florida 2014).
In 2017, the number of homeless individuals in Orange, Osceola and Seminole Counties totaled 2,074. In Florida, 32,109 people were homeless; 4,747 or 14.8% live with SMI. The Central Florida community has worked to reduce the numbers of individuals who are chronically homeless, totaling 1,577 in 2013 versus 182 in 2017. (Source: Homeless Services Network of Central Florida, Annual Point-in-Time census, Jan 2017)
Dave’s House utilizes two models, dependent upon resident-specific needs:
- Scattered Site Single Family Home: This Traditional Home Model keeps individuals from the streets – creating a single family home residence for typically four individuals who are graduating from transitional care or are on the verge of homelessness and back into the cycle of instability.
- Dave’s Housing First: This Housing First Model takes individuals off the streets – providing apartment homes for those with SMI alongside co-occurring disabilities. These individuals require a much greater intensity of case management and services.
Scattered Site Single Family Home
Individuals who have demonstrated stability and have the life skills to live independently with support typically succeed in this model. Often, residents form a modern family, developing friendships that generally elude people with SMI, who often live in isolation because of their illness. They look out for one another, share housekeeping responsibilities and socialize together. The home provides a sense of family, community and stability.
This model is designed to break even financially. The mortgage and property taxes are paid by Dave’s House. A pre-funded reserve is also established. After that investment, the model is self-sustaining. Mental health case management services are billed to the appropriate government agency. Residents pay rent equating to approximately one-third of their monthly SSDI (Social Security Disability Income) or SSI (Supplemental Security Income). This covers ongoing utility and maintenance expenses. Major repairs are coordinated by the mental health service provider and/or Dave’s House.
Dave’s Housing First
Housing First is a proven approach, serving chronically homeless individuals with serious mental illness and co-occurring disabilities, who require a much greater intensity of services. This model offers permanent supportive housing with few to no treatment preconditions, behavioral contingencies or barriers. It is based on overwhelming evidence that all people experiencing homelessness can achieve stability in permanent housing if provided with the appropriate levels of services. Housing First yields higher housing retention rates, reduces the use of crisis services and institutions and improves people's health and social outcomes (US Interagency Council on Homelessness).
Due to increased statistical success, this model places at-risk individuals in one- or two-bedroom apartments prior to focusing upon interventions and support services. To date, this model is the only effective model for this risk group.
As the home environment is an apartment provided by low income housing partners, there is no home purchase in the Housing First Model. Home expenses include rent subsidies when necessary, furnishings, household supplies and uncompensated support services.